Technology Integration for Teachers

Kim N. Hicks


I. Working Definition by Widpedia

Technology Integration is the use of technology tools[citation needed] in general content areas in education in order to allow students to apply computer and technology skills to learning and problem-solving. Generally speaking, thecurriculum drives the use of technology and not vice versa.[4][4]

II. Five Stages of Technology Integration by Laurie B. Diaz and Skip Atkinson

1. Entry - Teachers are reluctant to try new things and experience problems with discipline and resource management as they relate to technology. The computer is
relegated to the back of the room and is often used for student rewards or free time activities such as playing games and exploring software. Instruction is
implemented using traditional teacher-directed activities. Some common instructional technologies include blackboards, textbooks, workbooks, and overhead projectors.
2. Adoption - Teachers begin to show more concern about how technology can be integrated into daily lesson plans.
3. Adaptation - During this "adjustment stage," teachers are learning more about planning and organizing technology-connected activities for their students.
4. Appropriation - Teachers' personal attitudes toward technology become the benchmark for this milestone in instructional evolution. Teachers understand technology'susefulness,
and they apply it effortlessly as a tool to accomplish real work. They take on new roles and incorporate new teaching strategies that include more project-based
instruction, cooperative group work, and uses of computers to support curriculum.
5. Invention - Teachers experiment with new instructional patterns and begin to see knowledge more like something students must construct and less like something to be transferred.
At this stage of "effective functioning," teachers have a repertoire of teaching and technology integration strategies. Interdisciplinary project-based instruction, teamteaching, and
individually paced instruction are hallmarks at the Invention phase. Students work together in more collaborative ways and serve as experts to assist their peers with both curriculum
and technology issues. Having experienced success and survived failure, teachers are more confident in their technology integration abilities. According to Mezirow’s theory, they have
reintegrated into their professional life based on new perspectives.

III. Best Practices for Technology Integration

Knowledge Teachers Need to Integrate Technology
by Stephens Group LLC
Jamie Efaw concludes with the following technology integrations:
1. Peer-to-peer training on available technology
2. Modeling of successful classroom techniques by more experienced instructor within the Discipline
3. Support, accessibility, and feedback from a trusted mentor.
4. Establish Forums and mechanisms, both within departments and school-wide, that facilitates all faculty members to share ideas and continue devopment.

Teacher training programs in science and technology Youtube Video

Best Practices for Technology Integration

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Technology Integration


IV. Best Practice Videos Resources

Turning on Technology: Using Today's Tools to Study Yesterday's
A field trip from Ferryway School, near Boston, to the nation's oldest ironworks is captured with the latest tech.
Learning Landscape: Kids Monitor Terrain with Tech
Students at this Minnesota elementary school use new technology to study the ancient ecology of a vast prairie wetland.
A Product of Learning: Representing Their Work Through Tech
A school uses technology to help provide top-of-the-line education for all students.
YES Prep Demonstrates Successful Team Teaching
In middle school, teachers pair up in the classroom to integrate their subjects.
Transformed by Technology: High Tech High Overview
A network of K-12 public charter schools uses rigorous projects and portfolio assessments to revolutionize learning.
Common Sense: An Overview of Integrated Studies
More collaboration, critical thinking, and knowledge retention are the fruits of an integrated curriculum.
Mary Scroggs Elementary School: A Wired Education
Computers and multimedia are seamlessly woven into the curriculum at Mary Scroggs Elementary School.
Professional Development
Teacher Support: A Culture of Professional Development
Sherman Oaks Community Charter School, in San Jose, California, provides an unusual amount of support for its faculty, including 90 minutes of collaborative planning time each day.
YES Prep Demonstrates Successful Team Teaching
In middle school, teachers pair up in the classroom to integrate their subjects.
An Introduction to Teacher Development
New models for preparing educators in training focus on practical tips and feedback.
Technology Literacy and Standards
Much of the literature on technology-supported curriculum is interwoven with the issues of technology literacy and standards. In particular, the video above (Turning on Technology: Using Today's Tools to Study Yesterday's) addresses ISTE NETS-S.
The ISTE website ( can provide additional examples.


1. Dias, Laurie B., Skip Atkinson. (2001). “Technology Integration: Best Practices-Where Do Teachers Stand? International Electronics Journal for leadership in learning5(11).

2. Efaw, Jamie (2005) pdf.
3. Stephens Group LLC (2010) pdf.

4. ^Teachers of the 21st Century Know the What, Why, and How of Technology Integration, Jolene Dockstader, December 8, 2008

For more information please contact Kim N. Hicks at